Types of Wine
in Valle de Guadalupe, Ensenada
The many types of wine in Ensenada are transforming the local wine industry into a unique world of high quality wine, gourmet culinary wonders, fine art and excellent entertainment.
Brief History of Wine in Baja
Although Mexico was the first country in the Americas to grow grapes and produce few types of wine around 1500, it’s just been over the last eighty years that the focus has been on creating high quality wines that meet international standards.
Mexican Red Wine
Most recently in the late 1980’s several wineries based in Valle de Guadalupe, within the Ensenada municipality, have devoted time, energy, money, technology, equipment and creativity into developing high quality wine.
Today, almost twenty-four wineries in the region are producing about ninety percent of all Mexican wine.
Most premium vineyards are located in Valle de Guadalupe, Ojos Negros, San Vicente and Santo Tomás. All of them are blessed with great conditions for growing high quality grapes for making wine.
Wine Making Conditions
The influence of the nearby Pacific Ocean, the large swing between warm day and cool night temperatures, the diverse soils from calcareous to decomposed granite to sandy loam, all contribute to optimal growing conditions for high-quality wine grapes, enabling vineyards
of the region to produce fruit of intense varietal character.
The most common grape varietals grown in the region are northern Rhone grapes: Syrah, Grenache, and Mourvedre.
Other relatively common red grapes include Cinsault, Carignan, and Petite Sirah with some limited amounts of Counoise, Muscardin, Picpoul Noir, Vaccarese, and Terret Noir.
Many Bordeaux varietals in the region include: Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Cabernet Franc, Malbec, Carmenère, Petit Verdot.
Popular Bordeaux varietals are: Sauvignon, Sémillon, Muscadelle, Ugni blanc, Colombard and Merlot blanc.
One of the most fascinating elements of the Mexican wine industry is the diversity of wine makers from around the world.
Almost every nationality is represented here with wine makers and winery owners from Mexico, United States, Switzerland, Italy, Spain, Russia, Germany, India, Korea, France, Australia, Argentina, Chile, and more.
Organic wine. Artisan wine. Commercial wine.
The international blend of wine artisans working with grapes grown in unique habitats and ecosystems, in Ensenada, allows for the many creative types of wine found in Mexico’s new breed of high quality wines.
The total production from these artisan, boutique and bigger commercial wine makers is about two million cases per year with most being consumed by a national wine-loving community.
The future looks bright for Baja California wineries as the demand is stronger than the production.
Above this, several types of wine in the
Ensenada wine country are getting international recognition.
-Article submitted by Steve Dryden.
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